tv Eco India Deutsche Welle April 24, 2019 12:30pm-1:00pm CEST
deja get you will move south so they can plant crops and find food stamps. floods and droughts climate change become the main driver of mass migration you can write any apocalyptic scenarios you want and probably more to come to. the carnifex this starts april thirtieth on d w. hello welcome to eco india a sustainability magazine that zooms out of the problems plaguing our involvement pretty to give you a bigger fuller picture and zooms into the solutions that can help tackle them so that you can make an informed choice. coming to you from mumbai india over the next
thirty minutes egil environments in the tradition of dying fabric is making a comeback. startup is making ethical and sustainable smartphones. and how a couple can vote in bad in that and into what is to be unlocked being focused. first a story of a vibrant bachrach textile printing has been practiced in the western state of all for centuries now there are communities like the cup to use for whom bought tickets been a source of livelihood for generations but in recent years with the availability of cheap us in turn to dave's traditional printing which is environment friendly has taken a big hit but some families of the company community in the region are trying to revive the glorious tradition. of.
this state of gujarat is known for being colorful that's primarily because of its traditional textile industry and the vibrant fabrics and prints used to make the garments local people there. by generations but it has been our tradition for generations is something i've inherited so i could see it's basically runs in my blood. type deity or shockey m.-a is the fifth generation of his family to continue the tradition he belongs to the country community known in the region for making their mark in the vax bartik printing business. the while poor job. for no ancestors created prince they would use foods from the tree. oil from the
seeds of the streets is what they use for painting look really got it all same with some letter all the colors were natural to indigo or black from i don't rust or you know from time. mr yellow one they didn't have too many colors to truth from back then nowadays or right everything is done using benefit racks we have been using it . because of market demand we have to work with many more colors and designs. to do sales we're going to have a ball thought every market could demand. the reason for the shift from months being every bit a natural printing process to one that began using synthetic dye can be traced back to the one nine hundred sixty s. the decade of the hippie movement and with it a soaring rise in the popularity of the body print. meeting the rising demand from
overseas markets meant switching to chemical diet a faster easier and more viable option but also six decades later a few families like chuck hughes are keen to revive the art in its own original form which is not only traditional but also more mentally friendly. body marriage or natural law you are. going to use a much longer consistent chemical printing more to do this more demand for natural herbs so many people are looking for an organic product so that's why we have started working with dyes and methods again. measured yet. another reason for artisans choosing to go on ghana is a very real and present in problem in the state it's lack of water resources almost
fifty two percent of goods are out is turning into desert the told highest rate in the country with another deficit monsoon in two thousand and eighteen meaning less rain paul than normal and local water resources rapidly shrinking parts of good rock are staring at an excuse water crisis. while most textile craft industries rely heavily on water in bardic the dependency is critical. comey an ngo in the kutch region has been working closely with the artisan community in areas like productive allotment unsustainable use office sources. water study these were not very long ago we conducted a water. study it read we wanted to find out how much water was being used in the
textile crafts of the region we wanted to promote the whole technique a fugitive natural diet. vegetable diet can be revived. so that son of water a little bit used to substantiate. and that can also help this into an environmentally friendly craft again. no longer really counted amongst the mainstream crafts of touch. and it's are do they have been struggling to survive in today's modern i'm competitive market. screen and laser printing has in many cases replaced the traditional hand block
style. but the use of natural dice could be the unique selling point of these artisans. over the last eight to ten years there has been a change in perception from a smaller scale designers to the bigger ones there seems to be a growing interest in working with natural died. it is organizations like coming and if you didn't mind not didn't like shaquille who are trying to ensure that this traditional craft does not die out and that more and more craftsmen join in the revival. ever since we started using natural times there has been a greener spirit for the benefits. anything that is organic is little more expensive because it is never intensive. but i think the future is brighter for organ. i sincerely hope.
to go. through all that. like shaquille said bought tickets designed remains for what the shift of synthetic fabrics and chemical buys is very upper across india are natural dyes the answer to the harmful effects caused by chemical dyes this explainer will break that duffy. in twenty sixteen worldwide production of dyes reached nearly eight hundred thousand tonnes. as concerns grow over the environmentally hazardous effects of chemical diets the demand for natural equivalents is on the rives sales of natural dyes are predicted to rise to five billion dollars a year by twenty twenty four but our natural diets really better than synthetic
ones. the debate is centered mostly around the effluence generated by both. loaded in toxic chemicals like sulfur in acetic acid and metals like arsenic all mercury effluents from the synthetic dying industry account for up to twenty percent of industrial water pollution worldwide. these effluents make water bodies target cut off sunlight necessary for the photosynthesis of underwater plants react with chemicals like chlorine and even form carcinogens they also see into fields contaminating the soil one of the most famous cases of die clayson ing is china's hsien river which in twenty eleven turned red as a result of several dumps of illegal dry. natural dyes meanwhile are biodegradable made from plant sources like logwood turmeric and pine wood animal or insect
sources like the dyes lack and lip and mineral sources like red lead used as the million laminated red earth and sink white effluent from these are easily accepted back into the environment. however biodegradable natural dives are not necessarily the most sustainable option because for one rule materials for natural dies require vast stretches of arable land second a much larger amount of natural dye is needed as compared to synthetic diet to color the same amount of fabric for example while one pound of cotton may be died with just five grams of synthetic dying it would require two hundred thirty grams of natural die for the same process this means the use of larger amounts of water so what could be a solution recycling better waste management and innovation but for now it's
important to cattail the use of chemicals in the design process and for producers to take responsibility for treating affluence before they're released into the environment. galley of also engineered an environmentally harmful product and make it into something sustainable plastic for example a recent study reveals that ninety one percent of the world's plastic is not true cycled with this in mind a social entrepreneur or an investor in india is working towards upcycling these plastic bags into fashionable and trendy accessories to minimize the flow of plastic st. this is a. good thread to be. on. the . it was decided to do something with dick.
was always a big problem because just five to six months. and especially. so. because of that. three hundred kilometers. of. excessiveness. two hundred rupees fifteen year. all the bags and purses produced here. to conscious customers the youth court. so it makes sense for them to stay back. also to get out of the fight is to.
parts in their mind as to how big can do something for their religion how they can do something. the rug the religious do for the project gives them a sense of purpose and pride and a reason to stay here in the ridge. now here's a question for you what could happen if you're poor to afford a mic said shut the lead and. researchers of the university of plymouth did just that take a look at. everyone to analyze this fall and work out what it's made of we need to grind into a very fine powder. just to be safe ready to go. researchers at the university of plymouth in britain have opted for the shredder method to unlock the phone secrets think. the manufacturers don't reveal the exact composition of their products it turns out the main components are iron silicon
chromium and copper but what's most significant are the elements that are only present in very small amounts. the powder from the blender is first burned and then analyzed in a mass spectrometer to reveal the so-called conflict elements mining these elements including tungsten tin cobalt gold and tantalum is in some cases leading to increased conflicts human rights violations and damage to the environment the amounts here are small but this is just one phone keep in mind that one point four billion new cell phones are manufactured every year. now that you know what your cellular phone is made up of you might be interested in coming from that startup is taking the lead by trying to produce an ethical form and setting standards to trace the source of the metals and better working conditions faithful is also a device in which every element of the form comes apart and can be independently
replaced. a new mobile phone every year that's normal for many of us. half of all the people in india already have smartphones and demand is rising worldwide more than a billion new smart phones go on sale annually and the old ones they get thrown away. fair phone a small company in the netherlands wants to stop this waste of resources it has developed a smartphone that is longer lasting and more easily repaired than most on the market mikhail banisters one of the company's founders he originally studied industrial design. i always thought designers were in a way part of the problem of. very light very fast cycles so i started studying the strategy behind the production of. products in general and for fun was
a great place to develop my yes for. this is what the company's model a smart phone looks like it's easy to disassemble and repair and new parts such as improved cameras can be installed. the phone as main idea was to produce the phones fairly that means with fair wages and safety standards for the workers and without materials from conflict regions. they had to search widely to fulfill that requirement in northern rwanda they discovered the new book around a mining company which operates a tungsten mine this role for c c here it makes your phone shake and that's made of toast and from here. the mine is close to the border with the democratic republic of congo. since conflicts in the neighboring country flared up again cells of tungsten from these mines plummeted. in connection again. so that means the mine itself the traders
smelter which is in austria but also like many fighters in time to come together and work in the supply. from the north of who are now from that specific mine so we were able to we were able to work with a mind that was out of conflict but also to help them have business again so that they can be. further. the fair phones are manufactured in china which is also where the gold used in the chips comes from. smartphones contain more than forty different metals itself their friend has only been able to build up a fair and sustainable supply chain for five of them that if it comes at a price a fair phone costs around six hundred euros sustainability has become a trend but it will be a while before it goes mainstream. until then huge numbers of phones will continue to land in the garbage in many countries such as here in ghana he waste is often
incinerated or taken apart without safety precautions since its founding five years ago fifteen has supported a project in ghana devoted to recycling used phones safely. what is important is that those materials get recycled now we increase the amount of material in the world so that the industry doesn't matter where the industry house. the ability of these materials. if you want at the cheapest price if possible and then what is mind. ballasted regularly visits the company's partner in ghana. the workers from the local organization collect use mobile phones and store them in containers. as soon as one is full it is shipped to belgium where the devices are taken apart by experts and the individual materials are recycled. or is
their phone has won a number of prizes for its efforts to manufacture and effect conditions. with around one hundred sixty thousand customers in europe it has captured a corner of the smartphone market and hopes to keep growing. we have tried to make the styling is very open and transparent because we want to talk more about the challenges not less so we have a different approach to. to sustainability if you want we don't. see sustainability as a risk we see it as an opportunity. the name fair phone still promises more than the company can entirely deliver. it is helping to make the difficulties associated with a production playing football to see. abandoned rice fields coffee futures and god to memphis is not an environmentally conscious couple found in one thousand nine hundred one in the western cuts the region was rich in buy or diversity but was neglected dr milo trying his wife pamela has now transformed the
species into the country's first private sector city. to somber day cautiously growing from a watering hole something that used to be unthinkable in broad daylight while life would never come out during the day time they were too afraid because the. hunting and poaching were pretty rampant when we came here. today more than two hundred endangered species live year and the one point two square meter thank you in southwestern india. it is the lifeblood of pamelor and worked for about twenty five years ago they began to buy land piece by piece with their own money. what was here in
ninety five were basically plantation lands or abandoned rice fields many areas were relatively barren of any type of tree cover because of having had coffee growing on them. today what is here now all of those lands have basically recovered. they greeted india's first private protected area and reforested it on a large scale. this is also what we have gone to along with. separate and different going to preach that they. need to priests who disagree. we have had a number of scientific studies done within the sanctuary ground and some of them that had to do with the carbon sequestration rate of native trees versus exotic and native trees soak up much more carbon dioxide
than the exotic stew so this helps to mitigate or question the effects of climate change. the man who tries to letting the forest growth dead trees also in which to sort with europeans some centuries or reinforce john's on the upright enjoyed. this is one of our old grandmother trees. it's a type of banyan and he's about four hundred years old. the main pin this sanctuary has changed and it is freshwater source it's with all these forests you will not have streams and rivers footage and. the most jews who have children so that they could create something that would benefit and by planted know and love every inch of that is that this is one of our natural meadow
areas it is a meadow because this is ground underneath so very few trees can get their roots down below the grand to grow but it's a great buy in and of grasses and eating for any of your grass eaters your various deer your elephant anything that eats grasses loves these meadows. if. even the lead good lives. feel he was easier to you than see the man of huge. srijit show
you how machete shamash and. schadenfreude shared all show that she should shut the usual shot of. the fighting to grow forests another fox up and he has read them all on gump unease in business people to follow their lead by aplomb and down and back into wilderness. dr and mrs marlow trust to me embodied the spirit of. required to work towards a good enough future the rest of the stories to give you something to think about if you have more ideas for stories we should do right was it and. we'll be back next week until then the back. of.
what's the value of a human being. about ten euro's in purely chemical terms. in this brave new world we're constantly being analyzed and revalue. are people nothing but commodities. which tell you doesn't individual have made in germany in thirty minutes w. . pico africa. yes some come out in the spring. and hopes to save the country's mangroves. the coastal
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is did i've been news coming to you live from bali and the death toll in sri lanka rises again to three hundred fifty nine feet rules are being held for victims of the suicide bombings and easter sunday now she learned government is releasing further details on the attackers following dozens more arrests also coming up. north korea's leader arrives in russia.